Underwater Photography

Indonesia sebagai negara kepulauan terluas di dunia memiliki potensi kekayaan dan keindahan alam bawah lautnya, termasuk diantaranya kehidupan terumbu karang dan keanekaragaman hayatinya. Hanya saja, dokumentasi mengenai eksplorasi bawah laut sebagian besar masih dilakukan oleh bangsa asing. Masih sedikitnya apresiasi dari bangsa sendiri, untuk menjadikan laut sebagai sumber ilmu pengetahuan, dokumentasi dan inspirasi melalui media foto.
Hal ini patut disayangi, mengingat jika National Geographics, di tahun tahun mendatang hanya memfokuskan untuk melakukan eksplorasi di wilayah Afrika, Indonesia dan Papua Nuigini. Ini menunjukkan justru orang asing sendiri yang pada akhirnya memiliki dokumentasi kekayaan alam bawah laut Indonesia.

Pengambilan gambar underwater baik dalam bentuk video atau film, sungguh sangat menarik dan memiliki tantangan tersendiri yang tentu saja berbeda dengan proses pengambilan gambar di darat pada umumnya. Dikatakan menarik karena alam bawah laut memiliki kontur landscape yang sangat menakjubkan dan tidak semua orang bisa menikmatinya, belum lagi ditambah dengan kehidupan hayati yang beraneka ragam, termasuk berbagai jenis ikan yang ada.
Kemudian ada tantangan yang tidak mudah,mengingat medan kerjanya yang berbeda dengan di darat, membuat memotret underwater harus memiliki sejumlah persyaratan tertentu.

iman equinox2Paling utama adalah kemampuan untuk bisa menyelam atau scuba dive, karena ruang lingkup kerja di bawah air membuat kita harus bisa mengetahui prinsip prinsip penyelaman, tidak saja secara basic tetapi juga harus diatas rata rata. Karena sebuah seni dari photography underwater adalah bagaimana memadukan kemampuan menyelam dengan kemampuan teknis mengambil gambar dengan kamera.

Sebagai contoh , seorang penyelam berpengalaman akan mampu mengatur persediaan udara di tabungnya selama mungkin dengan pola pernafasan tertentu, bagaimana bermanuver di bawah air sambil membawa kamera seandainya timbul arus deras, sampai bagaimana bisa mendekati obyek hewan tanpa membuat mereka lari menghindar. Juga mengatur framing sebuah object, sambil mengatur posisi badan agar bisa bertahan stabil, tidak naik turun yang tentu saja akan membuat gambar menjadi shaking atau tidak stabil.

Karena ruang lingkupnya di bawah air, kamera film harus dibungkus dengan underwater housing yang memiliki spesifikasi dan jenis housing yang berbeda dari setiap jenis kamera. Setiap housing pun telah didisain berbeda beda untuk bisa menahan tekanan dalam air. Pada umumnya underwater housing yang beredar di pasaran, hanya didisain untuk recreational dive dikedalaman sampai maksimal 40 – 50 meter. Sementara untuk pengambilan gambar di laut yang lebih dalam, membutuhkan jenis housing tertentu yang mampu menahan tekanan air yang sangat kuat.

Bahkan kalau kita sering melihat film film ilmu pengetahuan mengenai palung palung terdalam di dasar laut, pengoperasian kamera sudah dilakukan oleh robot atau alat tertentu, mengingat kemampuan tubuh manusia yang tidak memungkinkan untuk mengoperasikan kamera di area kedalaman tersebut.

Berbeda dengan memotret di darat yang bisa melibatkan banyak orang, dalam laut praktis hanya bergantung pada seorang saja. Disamping mengoperasikan kamera, ia harus tahu kapan menggunakan available light ( sinar matahari ) dan kapan menggunakan flash / strobe yang menempel di housing, atau mengkombinasikan sumber cahaya. Ini perlu diketahui karena prinsip prinsip dasar spectrum cahaya sinar matahari yang masuk ke dalam air, membuat sebagian warna perlahan lahan menghilang semakin dalam kita menyelam.

iman photo 6Warna merah akan menghilang di kedalam 5 meter, lalu kuning di kedalaman 10 meter, sampai akhirnya tinggal warna biru dan hijau saja diatas kedalaman 18 meter. Dengan bantuan flash / strobe bisa mengembalikan warna yang menghilang tadi, sehingga warna warni terumbu karang serta ikan ikan bisa terlihat seperti apa warna aslinya. Kita juga tetap bisa menggunakan beberapa jenis filter lensa seperti Polarizer, Close Up + dan filter lain yang didisain untuk menangkap spectrum warna di dasar laut. Namun umumnya, jika tidak memakai flash, para kameramen underwater selalu melengkapi dengan filter merah yang bisa dipasang dan dilepas didepan kaca housing,guna mengembalikan warna merah yang menghilang.

Karena tidak seperti shooting di darat yang bisa dilakukan seharian penuh tanpa beristirahat. Shooting di dalam air mempunyai batasan batasan waktu yang disesuaikan dengan profile penyelaman kita. Dalam menyelam kita tergantung dengan jumlah pasokan udara di tabung yang kita bawa. Sebagaimana prinsip penyelaman, bahwa semakin dalam kita menyelam, konsumsi kebutuhan oksigen semakin cepat dan boros yang dikarenakan tekanan air laut yang semakin besar pula. Sehingga dengan rata rata waktu penyelaman sekitar 1 jam saja, seorang kameramen penyelam harus sudah kembali kepermukaan, dan mempunyai surface interval yang cukup sebelum bisa kembali menyelam.

Mengapa membutuhkan masa istirahat atau interval yang cukup ? karena udara yang kita hirup dari tabung, tidak berisi oksigen murni melainkan kombinasi campuran dengan nitrogen ( umumnya kadar oksigen hanya 21 % dan sisanya 79 % terdiri dari nitrogen ). Semakin lama dan semakin dalam kita menyelam , semakin banyak pula kadar nitrogen yang terserap ke dalam tubuh kita, sehingga kita membutuhkan beberapa waktu baik di safety stop setidaknya 5 meter dibawah air sebelum kembali kepermukaan, atau ketika sudah berada di permukaan. Ini untuk memberikan nitrogen yang terserap ke dalam tubuh perlahan mengalir keluar dari tubuh kita. Logikanya semakin lama kita menyelam , berarti akumalasi nitrogen yang terserap di tubuh kita semakin banyak, dan hal ini bisa berakibat fatal jika tidak terbuang keluar, seperti kelumpuhan bahkan kematian.

molas wreck1Dalam mengambil gambar di bawah laut, sangat tergantung dengan kondisi laut itu sendiri seperti sinar matahari, visibility atau jarak pandang, arus, serta waktu yang tepat. Kita harus tahu musim atau prediksi cuaca pada saat penyelaman dilakukan. Visibility di dasar laut,bisa suatu saat hanya berkisar 3 meter tetapi disuatu waktu dalam kondisi yang lain, bisa mencapai jarak katakanlah 40 meter. Tentu saja semakin bagus visibility akan membuat gambar yang dihasilkan semakin indah.

Menurut pengalaman saya, mengambil gambar di bawah laut yang tepat, dengan kamera menghadap atas ke permukaan air dan waktu pagi hari. Karena jika semakin siang dan sore, pasokan intensitas cahaya matahari sudah mulai berkurang , dan kondisi air laut juga sudah menjadi low tide atau surut, yang membuat banyak partikel partikel terangkat sehingga bisa air cenderung keruh dan membuat visibility berkurang.

Hampir seluruh wilayah Indonesia sudah saya jelajahi, dan kadang kala hati saya menjadi miris melihat hanya orang orang asing yang hilir mudik mengambil keindahan alam bawah laut kita. Dalam majalah majalah atau setiap perlombaan atau pameran photo bawah laut di luar negeri, umumnya foto foto yang dihasilkan banyak mengambil alam bawah laut Indonesia. Mereka selalu bertanya mengapa sangat sedikit photographer Indonesia yang menekuni bidang ini. Sampai sekarangpun saya tidak bisa menjawab pertanyaan itu.

Share

  1. 0
    30 January 2023 06:17:28

    goyard

    Thanks for all your hard work on this site. Betty take interest in working on investigation and it is obvious why. My partner and i hear all about the compelling mode you create both interesting and useful strategies on the blog and therefore strongly encourage contribution from other ones about this theme while our own daughter is in fact being taught a lot. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the new year. You’re the one carrying out a useful job.

  2. 0
    30 January 2023 15:53:55

    cheap jordans

    I’m just writing to let you understand what a perfect encounter our child undergone reading through the blog. She realized too many pieces, with the inclusion of what it is like to have an amazing giving style to have folks really easily understand several advanced subject matter. You actually exceeded our expectations. Many thanks for churning out these warm and friendly, trusted, informative and as well as unique tips about the topic to Evelyn.

  3. 0
    30 January 2023 15:54:23

    GGDB

    I together with my pals ended up analyzing the great guides on your web page and at once I got a terrible feeling I never thanked the web site owner for those secrets. Those men happened to be as a consequence thrilled to read all of them and now have without a doubt been having fun with these things. We appreciate you simply being well helpful and also for making a decision on such helpful themes most people are really needing to understand about. Our honest apologies for not expressing appreciation to you sooner.

  4. 0
    31 January 2023 02:38:39

    curry shoes

    I simply had to thank you so much yet again. I am not sure what I could possibly have carried out in the absence of the entire suggestions contributed by you on my subject. It had become a real daunting dilemma for me, nevertheless spending time with a new well-written way you resolved it forced me to jump over delight. I will be thankful for the information and then wish you comprehend what a great job you’re providing educating other individuals through your webblog. Probably you have never come across all of us.

  5. 0
    31 January 2023 02:39:05

    yeezy gap hoodie

    Thank you a lot for giving everyone such a pleasant possiblity to discover important secrets from here. It is usually so good and stuffed with a great time for me and my office fellow workers to visit your site particularly 3 times in a week to find out the latest things you have. Not to mention, I’m just at all times happy concerning the excellent thoughts you give. Some 3 facts in this article are essentially the most suitable I have had.

  6. 0
    31 January 2023 10:49:58

    jordan travis scott

    I and also my guys were digesting the good pointers found on your site and so at once I got a terrible suspicion I had not expressed respect to the web site owner for those tips. All of the women had been for that reason thrilled to study them and have in effect very much been taking advantage of them. I appreciate you for really being really kind and for considering some great guides most people are really desirous to be aware of. Our sincere regret for not expressing gratitude to you sooner.

  7. 0
    31 January 2023 10:50:25

    golden goose on sale

    I and also my buddies appeared to be reading through the good tips found on your web site and quickly came up with a terrible feeling I had not thanked the web site owner for those tips. My ladies were as a consequence glad to see all of them and have quite simply been taking advantage of these things. Appreciate your getting so helpful as well as for choosing varieties of impressive subject matter most people are really desperate to be aware of. My personal honest regret for not expressing gratitude to sooner.

  8. 0
    31 January 2023 20:33:45

    gap yeezy

    Thank you so much for providing individuals with a very brilliant chance to read articles and blog posts from here. It can be so ideal plus full of a good time for me personally and my office peers to search your blog particularly thrice in a week to learn the new guidance you have got. And lastly, I am also usually contented with your wonderful strategies you serve. Some 4 points in this posting are certainly the simplest we have ever had.

  9. 0
    31 January 2023 20:34:13

    bape hoodie

    Thank you for your own hard work on this site. Debby take interest in going through research and it is easy to see why. A number of us notice all relating to the compelling means you render important items through this web site and as well as improve participation from some others on that issue plus my girl is really studying a lot. Take pleasure in the rest of the year. You’re carrying out a great job.

  10. 0
    1 February 2023 05:42:59

    kevin durant

    My husband and i have been now fortunate that Peter managed to do his researching out of the precious recommendations he gained from your very own web page. It is now and again perplexing just to continually be releasing strategies which often other folks might have been making money from. Therefore we do know we have the website owner to give thanks to because of that. All the illustrations you made, the easy site navigation, the relationships you aid to foster – it’s many astounding, and it is letting our son and us recognize that the subject is entertaining, which is exceedingly essential. Thanks for everything!

  11. 0
    1 February 2023 05:43:26

    adidas yeezy

    I and my buddies were analyzing the best helpful tips found on your web site while all of a sudden came up with an awful suspicion I had not thanked the site owner for those secrets. My ladies came as a result stimulated to read all of them and already have definitely been taking pleasure in them. I appreciate you for genuinely simply helpful and then for obtaining some extraordinary subject areas most people are really desirous to understand about. Our own sincere apologies for not expressing appreciation to you earlier.

  12. 0
    1 February 2023 11:24:23

    tiewssig

    nursing school student loans online college for nursing cirrhosis nursing management

  13. 0
    1 February 2023 14:36:30

    nike sb dunk high

    Thank you a lot for giving everyone an extraordinarily special chance to check tips from this web site. It is often very cool plus packed with a good time for me personally and my office peers to search your web site at the very least 3 times every week to see the newest issues you have. Of course, I am also actually astounded considering the surprising strategies you give. Certain two areas in this post are particularly the most efficient we have all ever had.

  14. 0
    1 February 2023 14:37:18

    supreme clothing

    I simply wanted to thank you so much all over again. I am not sure the things that I might have achieved without those tips shared by you on such area. It seemed to be a real scary problem in my circumstances, however , discovering a well-written technique you handled the issue took me to cry with fulfillment. Extremely happy for your information and in addition sincerely hope you comprehend what a great job you happen to be accomplishing educating others through your webblog. I know that you haven’t met all of us.

  15. 0
    2 February 2023 09:04:01

    goyard bag

    I simply wished to appreciate you once more. I’m not certain the things I would have undertaken in the absence of the type of tricks shown by you directly on my concern. Certainly was an absolute difficult matter in my opinion, but taking a look at a new skilled tactic you processed the issue made me to jump over joy. I’m thankful for your information and in addition trust you comprehend what an amazing job your are putting in teaching others by way of your blog post. I know that you have never met any of us.

  16. 0
    2 February 2023 09:04:59

    stephen curry shoes

    I just wanted to write a simple word so as to appreciate you for those remarkable instructions you are giving out on this website. My time intensive internet investigation has now been rewarded with awesome strategies to write about with my pals. I ‘d mention that we visitors are quite lucky to live in a wonderful community with many perfect people with good advice. I feel somewhat privileged to have encountered your entire webpage and look forward to many more excellent minutes reading here. Thank you again for everything.

  17. 0
    2 February 2023 09:05:29

    off whtie t shirt

    I am writing to let you know what a fine discovery my cousin’s daughter went through visiting yuor web blog. She discovered lots of issues, with the inclusion of what it’s like to have a great coaching spirit to make many more just gain knowledge of selected impossible things. You undoubtedly exceeded her expectations. Many thanks for showing those essential, dependable, revealing and even easy tips on the topic to Julie.

  18. 0
    2 February 2023 18:59:08

    supreme clothing

    I simply wanted to post a brief message to express gratitude to you for some of the fantastic tips you are giving out at this website. My rather long internet look up has at the end of the day been paid with really good details to share with my company. I would assume that many of us site visitors are rather fortunate to dwell in a useful network with many outstanding people with valuable concepts. I feel very much privileged to have used your entire web site and look forward to really more excellent times reading here. Thanks a lot once again for all the details.

  19. 0
    2 February 2023 19:00:49

    off white shoes

    I wanted to send you that little note so as to thank you very much as before for your breathtaking thoughts you’ve discussed on this website. It is certainly tremendously generous with people like you giving freely just what many people might have advertised as an electronic book to generate some bucks on their own, even more so now that you could have done it if you wanted. These ideas additionally worked as a good way to be certain that someone else have similar eagerness similar to my own to realize a little more with regards to this problem. I know there are millions of more fun sessions up front for folks who find out your site.

  20. 0
    3 February 2023 04:18:18

    bape clothing

    I wanted to write you that very small note in order to thank you yet again for all the wonderful thoughts you have documented on this website. It has been unbelievably generous with people like you to grant unreservedly all numerous people might have made available as an e-book to generate some profit for themselves, notably given that you could possibly have done it in case you decided. These principles additionally acted as the fantastic way to be certain that some people have a similar eagerness much like mine to see somewhat more in respect of this issue. I’m sure there are lots of more enjoyable occasions up front for those who view your website.

  21. 0
    3 February 2023 04:18:45

    supreme hoodie

    I and my buddies ended up looking through the nice thoughts from your site and the sudden I got a terrible suspicion I never thanked the blog owner for those strategies. All of the men became absolutely glad to learn all of them and now have definitely been taking advantage of them. We appreciate you actually being simply thoughtful and for utilizing this form of notable subjects millions of individuals are really desirous to discover. My very own honest regret for not expressing gratitude to you sooner.

  22. 0
    3 February 2023 11:59:06

    hermes outlet

    I’m commenting to let you know of the superb experience my cousin’s child had viewing your webblog. She came to find such a lot of issues, not to mention what it’s like to have an excellent teaching mindset to let the rest clearly thoroughly grasp several extremely tough things. You truly did more than our expected results. I appreciate you for producing these insightful, trusted, educational and also cool thoughts on this topic to Janet.

  23. 0
    3 February 2023 11:59:33

    supreme new york

    I must express appreciation to this writer for rescuing me from this instance. Right after researching through the search engines and obtaining concepts that were not beneficial, I was thinking my entire life was well over. Living minus the approaches to the issues you have fixed by way of the website is a crucial case, as well as those that could have negatively affected my career if I had not come across your web blog. Your talents and kindness in dealing with the whole lot was vital. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I had not come upon such a step like this. I’m able to at this point relish my future. Thanks for your time very much for this expert and effective guide. I won’t think twice to suggest the sites to any individual who would need guidelines on this subject matter.

  24. 0
    3 February 2023 12:51:35

    puggit

    nursing school prep nursing education jobs lippincott coursepoint leadership roles and management functions in nursing

  25. 0
    3 February 2023 21:51:15

    supreme clothing

    My wife and i have been so lucky Louis could complete his preliminary research via the ideas he acquired from your weblog. It’s not at all simplistic to simply continually be freely giving tips which other folks could have been trying to sell. We understand we’ve got you to appreciate because of that. The most important explanations you’ve made, the straightforward web site menu, the friendships you will make it possible to instill – it’s all awesome, and it’s really facilitating our son in addition to our family imagine that this content is thrilling, which is certainly rather vital. Thank you for the whole lot!

  26. 0
    3 February 2023 21:51:44

    michael jordan shoes

    I not to mention my friends happened to be reading the best advice found on your site then then came up with an awful suspicion I had not thanked the website owner for those secrets. My men had been for that reason glad to learn all of them and have sincerely been taking pleasure in these things. I appreciate you for turning out to be considerably kind and for obtaining certain outstanding guides most people are really desperate to learn about. Our own sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to sooner.

  27. 0
    4 February 2023 06:16:12

    palm angels

    I needed to send you this little observation in order to thank you so much yet again relating to the unique methods you’ve documented in this case. This has been pretty open-handed with people like you to grant extensively what numerous people would have sold as an e book in making some bucks for themselves, mostly considering that you could possibly have done it if you considered necessary. These advice in addition worked as a fantastic way to be aware that most people have a similar desire just as mine to grasp lots more around this issue. I know there are many more pleasant occasions ahead for individuals that looked over your site.

Latest

About

Dunia Laut berisi kumpulan cerita dan foto-foto tentang kekayaan alam hayati lautan Indonesia.

Blog ini dikelola oleh Iman Brotoseno, PADI Dive Instructor.

© Dunia Laut. Design by Muhammad Zamroni.