Peduli Terumbu Karang

Terumbu karang ( Coral Reef ) merupakan salah satu pemasok sumber hayati yang luar biasa besarnya bagi kehidupan umat manusia. Ia memiliki nilai ekonomis selain menjadi penyangga ekosistem di muka bumi ini.
Indonesia memiliki seperempat dari total luas terumbu karang di wilayah Coral Triangle yang meliputi Philipina, Malaysia, Papua Nuigini, Kepulauan Salomon, Timor Leste sampai Australia.
Kini terumbu karang dunia menghadapi ancaman kerusakan dan kepunahan yang luar biasa.

Diperkirakan tahun 2050 terumbu karang dunia akan punah kalau tidak dilakukan usaha nyata untuk menghentikan proses ini. Selain kenaikan suhu laut akibat perubahan iklim. Penangkapan ikan dengan bom dan potas serta pencemaran mempercepat kerusakan ini.
Ada beberapa alasan mengapa kita harus peduli dengan terumbu karang.

Pertama, Terumbu karang menghasilkan plankton dan sumber makanan bagi ikan ikan dan mahluk laut. Ia menjadi rumah dan shelter perlindungan. Tanpa terumbu karang , maka tak ada ikan ikan. Ini berkaitan dengan nilai ekonomis manusia yang hidup dan bergantung dengan laut, seperti nelayan, usaha perikanan serta industri pariwisata.
Nilai ekonomis yang dihasilkan bisa setara US $ 375 milyar dari ikan atau pariwisata.

Kedua. Terumbu karang menjadi sumber penelitian untuk bidang kesehatan dan obat obatan. Banyak obat obatan yang dikembangkan dari organisme yang hidup di koral

Ketiga. Terumbu karang atau koral menjadi penyangga ekosistem laut. Kalau kehidupan ini punah, maka biota laut juga punah yang pada akhirnya berpengaruh pada keseimbangan ekosistem.

Keempat. Terumbu karang merupakan benteng pelindung alami dari gelombang laut dan ombak. Ini sekaligus melidungi abrasi dan pagar depan halaman kita.

Coral Triangle terbentang seluas 5.7 kilometer persegi, dan lebih dari 75 % koral dunia terletak di wilayah ini, selain 3000 species hidup . Tak kurang 130 juta manusia tergantung dan memetik manfaat dari Coral Triangle.

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